Mutual fund managers like John Neff and Peter Lynch are revered in the financial industry because they were some of the best in their field.
Year after year, they stood above their peers because they had a very strict discipline that made them successful over their careers. Although many mutual fund managers have trouble beating their relative benchmarks on a regular basis, any investor looking for an extra edge should adopt their methods of professional portfolio management, which should increase their overall performance.
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Professional Money Management Tricks That Can Benefit You
Below we list five key tricks adopted by smart money managers that can help you to get an edge.
1. Review Your Holdings
One trait that money managers have, and that most investors do not possess, is the ability to judge their holdings dispassionately. Instead, managers evaluate the risk versus return potential for each position individually, based on both fundamental and quantitative data. Similarly, investors should review their holdings at least once a year, if not on a more regular basis, and use the same disciplined method.
When beginning the review process, an investor should begin with the positions that have the largest gains or declines. Look at each position with fresh eyes and evaluate how the position will perform going forward, not just at how it has done. Investors should evaluate a position’s future upside potential and if it will continue its upward momentum. Just because a stock has done well in the past does not mean it will continue to do so forever.
2. Rebalance or Realign
Another element of reviewing a portfolio like a money manager is to step back and look at the portfolio as a whole. Start by looking at the allocation from an asset class perspective. If stocks have had a great run over the last few years, that portion of the portfolio might be higher than the originally intended allocation. For example, it is very common for a 50% equity / 50% bond portfolio to shift to a 60% equity / 40% bond portfolio in a bull market. Although the stocks have gained quite a profit, this would increase the overall risk of the portfolio and should be rebalanced back to its original 50% equity / 50% bond mix.
Check here to know more about when portfolio managers should ideally rebalance their portfolios.
In addition to reviewing a portfolio’s overall asset allocation, investors should look at the portfolio from both an asset class type and sector perspective. Investors should regularly review how much of the portfolio is in large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and international and emerging market stocks. The equity portion can also be broken down by sectors, like technology, consumer discretionary or finance as an example. Many professional money managers examine their portfolio’s asset class types and sectors as a tactical way to manage the portfolio and ensure maximum performance.
3. Year-End Tax Harvesting
Every November and December, mutual fund managers are very active in looking at the fund’s holdings and figuring out ways to tax harvest before December 31. This tax harvesting could incur capital gain distributions to shareholders, which in the end could hurt total overall performance.
Investors in taxable accounts should do the same with their individual portfolios. Any capital gains during the year can be offset by selling losses. For example, if a stock had a $5,000 capital gain, an investor has until December 31 of the same calendar year to offset those taxable gains with losses made on other holdings within the portfolio. In this case, selling a stock that currently has a loss of $5,000 would completely neutralize the tax liability. If the investor were to sell losing holdings that were in excess of the portfolio’s capital gains, the losses can be carried forward for future years.
4. Compare Against a Benchmark
Money managers are usually judged and sometimes paid on how their fund compares with its benchmark. For example, most large-cap funds are often compared to the S&P 500 Index. In addition to an index, mutual funds are often categorized into a group with other funds that have a similar composition and strategy, such as Large Cap Growth. The Fidelity Magellan Fund (FMAGX) is a large-cap growth fund that has both the S&P 500 and Large Growth Index as its benchmarks. From a performance perspective, the Fidelity Magellan Fund has underperformed both benchmarks on a 10-year basis. However, the fund outperformed the benchmarks in the five-year, three-year and one-year averages.
Investors wanting to mimic the skills of a money manager should use comparable benchmarks to measure their own portfolio’s performance. Investors should also be careful about which benchmark they want to compare and should be comfortable with a blend of two or more benchmarks. An investor with a 70% equity / 30% bond portfolio should not use just the S&P 500 as a comparison since the S&P 500 is made up of all equities. Instead, the 70% equity portion should be compared against the S&P 500 and the 30% bond portion could be compared against a comparable bond index, such as the Barclays Capital U.S. Aggregate Bond Index.
5. Revisit Portfolio Strategy
Finally, the last strategy that professional money managers use is to constantly examine their own portfolio strategy or investment philosophy. Money managers are disciplined with this because it is often dictated by the fund’s prospectus. For example, a large-cap growth fund money manager might be restricted from buying bonds or even mid- and small-cap stocks in the fund. Money managers might also employ a certain investment philosophy, such as top-down or bottom-up investing.
Check out our previous take on how to decode a mutual fund prospectus to gain more insights.
A very common issue with investors is that they tend to incorporate ideas from various sources like financial shows or from articles on the Internet. Although these methods might sound promising and might have worked for the source’s original contributor, it might not work for the investor. Typically, the most successful investors have a set discipline and stick with it over the long term.
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The Bottom Line
Investors can learn a lot from the methods that successful money managers use for their own personal success. However, investors should be honest with themselves by truly judging their portfolio’s performance against an appropriate benchmark. Professional money managers have teams of analysts to help them assist in the day-to-day management of a mutual fund. This same effort could be quite difficult for a lone investor to simulate and an index fund might be a better fit.
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